1640– The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I England.  The treaty was signed in the aftermath of the Second Bishops War, and stipulated that both Northumberland and County Durham were to be ceded to the Scots, and that Newcastle was to be left in the hands of the Scots.

The Treaty of Ripon was a major factor leading to the calling of a session of Parlimant,  known as the Long Parliment this session was one of the major stepping stones to the outbreak of the Fist English Civil War.

For more information about tiles from the time of the First Civil War, contact mailto:ltaylor@manorial.co.uk