On this day...……..

10th July - 1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, defeats the king's Lancastrian forces and takes King Henry VI prisoner in the Battle of Northampton.

9th July - 1540 – King Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.

8th July - 1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal charter to Rhode Island.

7th July - 1941 – The US occupation of Iceland replaces the UK's occupation.

6th July - 1483 – Richard III is crowned King of England.

3rd July - 1035 – William the Conqueror, the last successful invader of England, becomes the Duke of Normandy. He reigns until 1087.

2nd July - 1644 – The Battle of Marston Moor in which the combined forces of the English Parliamentarians under Lord Fairfax and the Earl of Manchester and the Scottish Covenanters under the Earl of Leven defeated the Royalists commanded by Prince Rupert of the Rhine and the Marquess of Newcastle.

1st July - 1837 – A system of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths is established in England and Wales.

30th June - 1860 – The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History takes place.

29th June - 1613 – The Globe Theatre, associated with William Shakespear, in London burns to the ground.

26th June - 1460 – Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, and Edward, Earl of March, land in England with a rebel army and march on London.

25th June - 1242 – King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence have their second daughter and name her Beatrice.

24th June - 1340 – In the Hundred Years' War, the Battle of Sluys, the French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English fleet commanded in person by King Edward III.

23rd June - 1314 – In the First War of Scottish Independence, the Battle of Bannockburn commences.

22nd June - 1893 – The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rams the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria, which sinks, taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet's commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.

19th June - 1306 – The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.

18th June - 1940 – The "Finest Hour" speech is delivered by Winston Churchill.

17th June - 1579 – Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion, now California, for England.

16th June - 1487 – In the Battle of Stoke Field, King Henry VII of England defeats the leaders of a Yorkist rebellion in the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses.

15th June - 1215 – King John of England puts his seal to Magna Carta, the first bill of rights on which many countries still base their laws. The American Declaration of Independence has many similarities.

12th June - 1429 – During the Hundred Years' War, on the second day of the Battle of Jargeau, Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk.

11th June - 1509 – Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon. She was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Henry's elder brother, Arthur.

10th June - 1921 – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was born. We wish him a happy 99th birthday.

9th June - 1781 – George Stephenson, English engineer, known as the “Father of Railways” and inventor of "Stephen's Rocket", was born this day.

8th June - 1042 – Edward the Confessor becomes King of England. Whilst many believe it was William the Conqueror who was first to take a register of manorial interests, it was Edward. The only English King to achieve sainthood.

5th June - 1883 – The first regularly scheduled Orient Express departs Paris.

4th June - 1738 – King George III of the United Kingdom is born.

3rd June - 1665 – James Stuart, Duke of York, later to become King James II of England, defeats the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft.

2nd June - 1910 – Charles Rolls, a co-founder of Rolls-Royce Limited, becomes the first man to make a non-stop double crossing of the English Channel by plane.

1st June - 1648 – The Roundheads defeat the Cavaliers at the Battle of Maidstone in the Second English Civil War.

29th May - 1660 – Charles II is restored to the throne of England, Scotland, and Ireland after 11 years under Parliament's control.

28th May - 1588 – The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, heading for the English Channel. It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port.

27th May - 1199 – King Richard has died childless and his brother, John, is crowned King of England.

26th May - 946 – King Edmund I of England is murdered by a thief, whom he personally attacks while celebrating St Augustine's Mass Day.

22nd May - 1455 – Start of the Wars of the Roses: At the First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats and captures King Henry VI of England.

21st May - 1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal in the United Kingdom is officially opened by Queen Victoria, who later knights its designer, Sir Edward Leader Williams.

20th May - 1217 – The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke.

19th May - 1499 – Catherine of Aragon is married by proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales. Catherine is 13 and Arthur is 12.  1536 – Anne Boleyn, the second wife of Henry VIII of England, is beheaded for adultery, treason, and incest.

18th May - 1152 – The future Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. He would become king two years later, after the death of his cousin once removed, King Stephen of England.

15th May - 1536 – Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's second wife and Queen of England, stands trial in London on charges of treason, adultery, and incest; she is condemned to death by a specially selected jury.

14th May - 1264 – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the effective ruler of England.

13th May - 1861 – American Civil War: Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a "proclamation of neutrality", which recognizes the Confederacy as having belligerent rights.

12th May - 1191 – Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus. She is crowned Queen consort of England the same day.

11th May - 1812 – Prime Minister, Spencer Perceval, is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the British House of Commons.

7th May - 1945 – World War II: Last German U boat attack of the war, two freighters are sunk off the Firth of Forth, Scotland.

6th May - 1536 – King Henry VIII orders English language bibles be placed in every church. In 1539 the Great Bible would be provided for this purpose.

5th May - 1215 – Rebel barons renounce their allegiance to King John of England, part of a chain of events leading to the signing of the Magna Carta.

4th May - 1471 – Wars of the Roses: The Battle of Tewkesbury: Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army and kills Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales.

1st May - 1169 – Norman mercenaries land at Bannow Bay in Leinster, marking the beginning of the Norman invasion of Ireland.

30th April -1513 – Edmund de la Pole, Yorkist pretender to the English throne, is executed on the orders of Henry VIII.

29th April - 1770 – James Cook arrives in Australia at Botany Bay, which he names.

28th April - 1503 – The Battle of Cerignola is fought between the French and Spanish armies. It is noted as one of the first European battles in history won by small arms fire using gunpowder.

27th April - 1296 – First War of Scottish Independence: John Balliol's Scottish army is defeated by an English army commanded by John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, at the Battle of Dunbar.