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Reference Library; Historical documents and external sites of interest

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Historical Documents of Interest

  • The Charter of Liberties of King Henry I 1100
  • The Constitutions of Clarendon 1164
  • The Assize of Clarendon 1166
  • The King Johns Concession of England and Ireland to the Pope 1213
  • The Magna Carta 1215 and 1225
  • The Magna Carta 1297
  • The Anglo Saxon Chronicle
  • The Bill of Rights 1689
  • The Proclamation of Rebellion by the American Colonies 1775

External sites of interest

Law and Recent Court Cases relevant to Manorial LawHistorical documents

 

  • Statute of Westminster I, 1275 Set the baseline for ‘time immemorial’ as 6 July 1189, being the accession of King Richard I (the Lionheart).
  • Quia Emptores 1290 Brought an end to sub-infeudation. No new Manors can be created after this date.
  • Tenures Abolition Act 1660 Converted all tenures into free and common soccage – nearly all burdensome incidents abolished for all land of free tenure.
  • Game Act 1706 (Ann.6 c.16) Lords of the Manor given the power to appoint gamekeepers.
  • Game Act 1831 The appointment of gamekeepers is not the exclusive preserve of Lords of the Manor.
  • Conveyancing Act 1881 Linked the conveyance of the title of Lord of the Manor to the conveyance of the Manor itself for the first time.
  • The Law of Property Act 1925 Concerns title to real property such as Manorial Waste and Incidents, and what the conveyance of manors shall include.
  • Land Registration Act 1925 Enabled the registration of Lord of the Manor titles.
  • Limitation Act 1939 (2 & 3 Geo.6 c.21) Removes incorporeal hereditaments from the definition of land with regards to Limitation Act time limits concerning their recovery of title by persons other than the Crown.
  • Statute Law Repeals Act 1986 Removes incorporeal hereditaments from the definition of land with regards to Limitation Act time limits concerning their recovery of title by the Crown.
  • Civil Evidence Act 1995 Reputation of authors of historical documents allows for their submission as evidence in civil cases.
  • Land Registration Act 2002 Manorial titles are outside the definition of ‘land’, and land must be physically posessed to be registrable. Manorial Titles no longer voluntarily registrable. Registration of title not conclusive proof of ownership of title.

Case Law

  • Burton & Bamford v Walker & Others, Land Registry REF/2007/1124 (10 December 2010) Confirmed that adverse possession, prescription, loss of modern grant, or proprietary estoppel DO NOT enable ownership of a Lordship of the Manor title. Confirmed ownership requires a complete, correctly executed and consecutive set of deeds from when the lordship was first granted or time immemorial.
  • Walker & Ors v Burton & Anor [2012] EWHC 978 (Ch) (17 April 2012) Confirmed the judgement as above.